Periodontal soft tissue gum grafting may be required for patients who experience sensitivity or pain when teeth are exposed to hot or cold. Gum tissue provides protection, and the roots of teeth are exposed when gums recede. The recession of gum tissue can lead to increased sensitivity, pain, and cavities because roots are no longer protected.
If not treated, the recession of gum tissue can also lead to periodontitis and eventual tooth loss. Soft tissue gum grafts treat recession of the gum line by transplanting tissue from healthy areas to those requiring treatment, providing gum tissue to give teeth the protection they need. This transplanted gum tissue covers exposed roots or thickens existing gum tissue in order to prevent further tissue loss.
Types of Periodontal Gum Grafting
Dr. Lee and her knowledgeable staff at Klamath Falls Dental Specialists understand the pain and discomfort patients experience with gum recession and can treat this condition with periodontal gum grafting. There are different types of common soft tissue grafting treatments that Dr. Lee performs at Klamath Falls Dental Specialists.
Connective Tissue Graft
The most common treatment is the connective tissue gum graft, primarily used for large areas of root exposure. Connective tissue is removed from a small flap in the roof of the mouth and sutured to the graft site.
Free Gingival Graft
The free gingival graft is most commonly used for thickening existing gum tissue. To promote natural growth, a small section of tissue is removed from the roof of the mouth and sutured to the grafting site.
During a pedicle graft, a flap of tissue is partially cut and moved sideways to cover root exposure. The movement of this soft tissue is ideal since the tissue is simply moved and blood vessels are left in place.
Alloderm is an alternative treatment that provides patients with sterile human connective tissue that doesn’t contain blood or cells. The results are ideal since there is very little chance of patient complications as a result of this periodontal procedure.
During your consultation, Dr. Lee will carefully explain the best gum grafting treatment option for you, recovery time, and happily answer all of your questions regarding gum grafting and gum recession treatment.
Other Soft Tissue Procedures
A frenectomy is a procedure that helps correct teeth spacing, malalignment, gum recession and the impairment of proper dental hygiene.
If you have a “gummy” smile, a Gingivectomy/Gingivoplasty can provide cosmetic enhancement of your smile through the surgical removal and recontouring of the gingiva.
Dental Bone Grafting
Dental bone grafting may be recommended by Dr. Lee if your jaw bone has deteriorated due to disease, trauma, or missing teeth. Bone grafting is a surgical procedure that rebuilds the structure of the jaw, restoring both height and width and strengthening the jaw.
The success of a bone graft depends on good general health and post-operative care. At Klamath Falls Dental Specialists, Dr. Lee provides an essential periodontal bone grafting treatment.
An allograft is a treatment option that eliminates a patient’s need to donate bone for a periodontal procedure. An allograft is donated bone or tissue that’s been specially processed so that it can be surgically transplanted.
If you’ve experienced gum and bone loss due to the progression of periodontal disease, Dr. Lee can perform Bone Regeneration surgery to repair this bone loss by replacing jaw bone with harvested or synthetic bone.
The bone required for this procedure can come from areas within the mouth, such as the lower wisdom tooth area or chin. In addition, processed bone products, such as FDBA, are used in this surgical procedure. At times, specialized proteins called enamel matrix proteins (Emdogain) are incorporated because they have been found to aid in the regenerative process of bone.
At Klamath Falls Dental Specialists, Dr. Lee places a periodontal bone graft around a tooth to attempt to regenerate the bone that was lost. Success with this periodontal procedure depends on general health and level of home care following the surgery.